Soleil Royal, Saint Louis, Sophia Amalia
Soleil Royal 1669
Detta vackra skepp sjösattes i Brest 1669. Skeppsbyggarna hade
tagit det bästa från de holländska och engelska skeppsbyggarna. Resultatet blev
ett tungt bestyckat fartyg som ändå var snabbt och lättmanövrerat. Ursprungligen
var hon tänkt att ha 110 kanoner, men antalet reducerades till 72. Skeppet deltog
i Engelska tronföljdskriget och under den berömde amiral de Tourvilles befäl stred
hon tappert vid Barfleur 1692. En explosion i krutdurken blev hennes öde. Explosionen
förintade också ett annat franskt skepp och förvandlade ännu ett till ett vrak.
SAINT LOUIS 1626
SOPHIA AMALIA 1650
Danskt örlogsskepp. Byggd i det då danska Oslo av den engelske skeppsbyggaren
Soleil Royal finns beskriven i:
# Kenneth Giggal: Classic Sailing Ships (1988).
Om Saint Louis, Holland och Frankrike på Vasens tid:
# Georg Hafström: Utblickar kring tillkomsten av skeppet Wasa /with an english summary/(1968).
Saint Louis behandlas utförligt även i:
# Björn Landström: Regalskeppet Vasan från början till slutet (1980)./ English translation: The Royal Warship Vasa (1988)./
Och mindre utförligt i:
# Björn Landström: Skeppet (1961)./ English translation: The Ship./
Om Sophia Amalia och annat ur den danska marina historien:
# Jan Uhre: ØRESUND og Skibene I skyggen af konger og helte (1997).
# Jørgen Teisen: Danmarks flåde (1984).
Den bästa boken om tidens danska skepp och med de nyfunna bilderna av Sophia Amalia:
# Niels M. Probst: Christian 4:s flåde. Marinehistoriske Skrifter. (1996)
LÄNKAR/LINKS (Soleil Royal):
Advanced recovery Soleil Royale
All About Art, bild av Boussac,där S Rs akterspegel är mer målad än på modellerna
Snygg modell här!
Another Le Saint Louis
1600-tallets krigsskiper i Norden.
Orlogsmuseet i København har en fin modell av skeppet
Norsk site om Sophia Amalia, med en modell som skiljer sig något från Orlogsmuseets
Soleil Royal 1669Launched in Brest 1669. She was a mixture of dutch and english desingn. She had 110 gun ports, but carried 72 guns. Although heavily armed, she was fast and easy to manoevre.
She took part in the War of the English Succession and under admiral Tourvilles comand she fought bravely off Barfleur 1692. An explosion in the magazine became the fate of this beautiful ship.
On most models is the ship decorated with gilt sculptures on a blue background (see left upper picture). But on a contemporary picture, her sculptures are painted and gilt on a red background (upper right picture).
Saint Louis 1626Built in Amsterdam for the french admiral de Guise. Launched 1626. Length of keel:123 f, beam: 42 f. 52 guns (sometimes more or lees). Crew: 500 men. Sold to scuttling 1650. Also named Royal, Vaisseau du Roi and finally Le Grand Saint Louis.
After Vasa sunk (august 1628) the shipwrigths brother, Arent Hybertsson de Groot, was interrogated. He said that Vasa was built in the same way as a ship built in Holland for the french admiral Charles de Guise. His statement was of course not correct: Vasa was much larger, had two galleries on each side. Saint Louis had a grating spare deck on the waist (between the mainmast and the forecastle). Saint Louis had no lids on the upper gunports and had a small "tower" looking structure on each side of the bow.
The upper picture have I made from a well known picture from 1626 by Henri Hondius. The swedish naval historian Georg Hafström have proved that Hondius picture represent Saint Louis. Hondius picture was copied during the 17th century. In a famous book by Fournier 1667 is a crude copy of Hondius picture. But here it is said to represent La Couronne (1667). All the shipmodels and modelkits of La Couronne goes back to this picture! But as early as 1912 wrote Mariners Mirror about Fourniers picture; "This clumsy copy" can`t be a picture of La Couronne!
Nobody knows what colours Saint Louis had. In his books The Ship and The Royal Warship Vasa (1988), Björn Landström gives her different colous. My picture is a third alternative.
Sophia Amalia 1650Danish Man ò war. Built in the the Danish Oslo (Norway) by the English shipbuilder James Robbins. Launched 1650. King Christian IV is said to have studied the "bestick" (bestick = a ships plan, not in pictures but in words) of Sovereign of the Seas and added here and reduced there. The ship was 55 m long, 13 m broad. We can guess that not all of the sculptures were guilt, but probably painted in natural colours. Its armament was 86-108 cannons. The "cannon effect" was at 1216. (cannon effect =the weight in pound of the cannonball X the guns). To take away boarding enemies she also had small guns shooting in to the ship. The crew was between 430 and 680 men. She took part in the for Denmark disastrous wars against Sweden 1657-1660. 1676 she took part in the battle off Öland were theSwedish ship Kronan /124-126 gun!/ blew up. 1680 she was scuttled after a not remarkable carrier. The pictures above is my photos of the model in Orlogsmuseet in Copenhagen (in the computer I have added the water). The model is based on a painting in Gavnö. Recently they have discovered some pictures by van de Velde that show that Sophia Amalia really looked like Sovereign - with sculptures also on the side of the hull between aft-galley and the beak. In opposite to the model her stern was not decorated with the Royal coat of arms, but by a horse. My painting below have I based on van de Velde drawings (in Probst book).